Glossary of terms

Drill
Strict and often repetitious training using rigorous exercises.
Marching
To walk with regular and measured tread; advance in step in an organised body.
Formation
Body of personnel arranged in an orderly fashion, in ranks and files.
Advance
The direction faced by the formation when the Right Marker is on the extreme right of the front rank.
Retire
The direction faced when the formation is turned about from the Advance position.
The Right (Left)
That flank on the right (left) of the formation when it is advancing.
Note: This designation does not change when the formation is retiring.
Right (Left, Centre) Marker
The designated person upon whom the rank align their dressing.
Rank
A line of personnel standing side by side.
File
A line of personnel standing one behind the other.
Blank File
A file without a centre and rear rank person, or without a centre rank person. When it is necessary to form a blank file, the blank file is to be the second file from The Left.
Interval
The lateral space between persons on the same alignment measured from flank to flank.
Cover
The act of a person placing themselves directly to the rear of another.
Close Order
The normal distance between ranks in line.
Open Order
An increased distance between ranks for ceremonial or inspection purposes.
Dressing
The act of taking up a correct alignment, flank to flank.
Wheel
A movement by which a body of personnel changes direction, each rank or file pivoting on the inner flank whilst retaining its dressing.
Note: This manoeuver does not change the formation.
Inner Flank
That nearest the directing flank and serving as a pivot when the body is changing direction.
Turn
A change in direction of 90 degrees from the original position at the halt or line of march.
Note: This manoeuvre changes the formation from ranks to files or vice versa.

Explanation of terms relative to words of command

Designation
The person or group to whom the command is directed, for instance, “Pathfinders”, and is always stated before the command is given.
Cautionary stage
That part of the command where the word(s) or part thereof is drawn out to prepare the formation for action, eg. “about”
Executive stage
That part of the command where the word or part thereof demands immediate action, eg, “TURN” The executive stage must be sharp, and of a higher pitch than the cautionary.
Regulation pause
A pause equivalent to two beats of “Quick Time” (120 beats per minute) made between each and every stage in the execution of a command.
“As you were”
The command is given when it is desired to stop an incomplete movement, cancel an incorrect order or return to the last position held.